Our Visit To The Neolithic Brownshill Portal Tomb

Our Visit To The Neolithic Brownshill Portal Tomb

brownshill portal tomb - capstone held aloft by portal stones - county carlow - ireland

It was yet another unseasonably hot day when Bob and I struck out from Glendalough in the direction of Baltinglass, which brought us nearer to the Brownshill Portal Tomb.  Officially known as the Kernanstown Cromlech, this portal tomb has a capstone weighing between 100-150 tons, which is reputed to be the biggest in Ireland and all of Europe.

brownshill dolmen sign - county carlow - ireland

A modest parking lot along a quiet country road marked the beginning of a short hike to the tomb where some believe that religious rites were once held.

blue sky above farm field - brownshill dolmen - ireland

Bob and I soon discovered that the Brownshill Portal Tomb was peacefully located in the center of a farmer’s field with crops gently undulating on all four sides.  We could not have asked for a more perfect day to seek out the ancient burial site.  A big blue sky hugged the horizon, and soft clouds cast the occasional shadow over the flowing sea of green.

brownshill portal tomb in farm field - county carlow - ireland

To some, the capstone might look like some old boulder unearthed when early farmers tilled the soil for their crops, and, in actual fact, the tomb may have, at one time, been covered by a mound of earth or a cairn of rocks.  But the assemblage of the rocks into a portal tomb would have occurred sometime between 3800-3200 BC using huge blocks left behind by glaciers during the Ice Age.

brownshill portal tomb - walkway alongside farm field - county carlow - ireland

It was pleasant walking along the protective hedgerows bordering the farm fields in order to gain access to the little plot where the Brownshill Portal Tomb prominently stood.  With no other visitors in sight, we found the location quiet and secluded, a reprieve from the confines of our car.

red poppy growing in field at brownshill portal tomb - county carlow - ireland

Adding to the pastoral beauty of the location was the occasional wild poppy that added a punch of colour to the wavy depths of green grass and swaying stalks of spindly buttercups.

yellowhammer bird (emberiza citrinella) on fence - brownshill portal tomb - ireland

As Bob and I strolled along the shade-dappled trail, we caught sight of a small yellow bird where it perched on top of a fence post.  It turned out to be a Yellowhammer (Emberiza citrinella).  This is a species of bird that breeds across Europe and parts of Asia, but the species has been in serious decline throughout Europe in recent years.

yellowhammer bird sitting on fence post - ireland

I believe this to be a male Yellowhammer because of the heavily streaked brown back.  With the adjacent crops forming a dense mass of vegetation, both a harbour for insects and a source of weed seeds, the Yellowhammer had a good habitat for foraging and nesting in the surrounding fields.

side view of the brownshill portal tomb - showing the capstone on entrance stones - county carlow - ireland

Once Bob and I entered the fenced-off area designating the protected site, we saw the small plot of manicured grass  to be dominated by the massive capstone of the neolithic Brownshill Portal Tomb.  It makes one wonder how a primitive Stone Age community could manage to move the humongous rock without modern engineering skills.

jean reads brownshill portal tomb sign - ireland

With a gentle breeze tousling my hair, I paused to read the literature on site and learned that the portal tomb was built as a burial place by Ireland’s first migrant farmers sometime between 4000 and 3000 BC.  It has endured for a very long time.

brownshill portal tomb sign - ireland

The picture featured in the display shows how the tomb might have appeared some 5000 years ago, bolstered by a mound of earth to the rear, and with an elaborate entrance area consisting of several stones for the facade.  The completed tomb was called a barrow or burial mound.

brownshill portal tomb - sideview of capstone held aloft by portal stones - county carlow - ireland

That early covering of earth and/or rocks has weathered away, leaving only the stone skeleton of the burial mound intact.

As you see in Bob’s short video, the prominent remains today include the 100-ton granite capstone, 2 portal stones that define the entrance that is blocked by a central stone or gate stone, and a prostrate slab.

jean checks out the brownshill dolmen - county carlow - ireland

There is something eerily haunting about such sacred spots as the Brownshill Portal Tomb, and as I circled the assembly of boulders, the transient coolness of the morning air touched my face and mind alike, dispelling the conjured spirits in my imagination.

brownshill portal tomb - portal stones supporting capstone - county carlow - ireland

The massive blocks of stone that supported the capstone were, in their own right, very impressive and required the farmers to inset them into the ground at great depths for stability and longevity.

bob checks out the brownshill portal tomb - county carlow - ireland

Bob put his mind to the test trying to figure out how the Stone Age people accomplished the positioning of the megalithic capstone and gargantuan portal stones of this neolithic grave site.

bob checks rock cut in the brownshill dolmen - county carlow - ireland

jean stands in front of the brownshill portal tomb - county carlow - ireland

Portal tombs were single-chamber graves wherein the cremated body of the deceased was placed, often with beads, pottery and stone artifacts.

brownshill portal tomb - capstone - county carlow - ireland

It has been suggested that such megalithic tombs were more than mere burial places, but instead, were monuments to ancestors or even served to declare territorial rights.  Bob and I spent considerable time contemplating the significance of this tomb, said to have been erected to honour a local chieftain.

brownshill portal tomb - entrance under capstone - county carlow - ireland

We were respectful and did not enter into the tomb even though evidence showed that others had done so.  Being at an out of the way location, no custodian is on hand to keep an eye on the sacred place.  In fact, large stones lying next to the nearby field boundary are believed to be from this tomb, but when and how they were moved is unknown.

brownshill portal tomb - farm field - ireland

Two other megalithic portal tombs are thought to have existed close by, but they did not survive the passage of time.  But the Brownshill Portal Tomb will remain where it has always been, an homage to spirits that have gone before us and a reminder of the achievements of Stone Age man.

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